Shanxi Agricultural university, sorghum research institute which was after institute of Agricultural Sciences in Jinzhong, Shanxi Province (established in August 1971). It was renamed to Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Science, Sorghum Research Institute1979 and Shanxi Agricultural university, sorghum research institute in October 2019. It was located at 238 Yunhua West Street, Yuci District, Jinzhong city, Shanxi Province.
By the end of 2021, the institute of sorghum research has a total of 129 staff members, including 7 professors, 49 associate professors,6 doctors, 4 ph.D.Among the researchers, 2 post expert of national millet sorghum industrial technology system, 4 academic and technical leader of Shanxi Province, 4 “Sanjin” talents, 1 leading talent in emerging industries. At present, 6 administrative departments and 13 research departments have been established in the institute of sorghum research. It has 232 sets of experimental equipment and instruments with a total value of ¥4，432,800. There are four test bases which was covered a total area of 82.89 ha in Zhangcun, Xiuwen, Dongbai of Shanxi Province and Sanya city of Hainan province. It has more than ten scientific research platforms including National Sorghum Industry Technology Innovation Strategic alliance, Key Laboratory of Sorghum Genetics and Germplasm Innovation of Shanxi Province, Brewing Special Sorghum Breeding and Utilization Key Scientific and Technological Innovation Team of Shanxi Province, Chinese Liquor Brewing sorghum research Center of Fen Chiew Group, “Belt and Road” International Institute of Scientific and Technological Innovation of Sorghum industry, Science Popularization Base in Shanxi Province.
The institute is a professional sorghum research institution with early establishment and complete disciplines in China. Since the utilization of sorghum heterosis, sorghum has led the development of Sorghum Industry in three historical stages in terms of new variety R & D and technical research. Since the utilization of sorghum heterosis. The first stage was in the 1960s and 1970s. The dwarf lodging resistant hybrid "Jinza" was bred and popularized in a large area throughout the country, basically covering the sorghum planting area throughout the whole country. "Sorghum hybrid Jinza No.5, No.4 and No.1" won the award of the National Science Conference; The "two dwarf" hybrid sorghum breeding model was created, and the restorer of JinliangNo.5 and Jinfu No. 1 were bred, and a large number of excellent hybrids were produced. In the research on the utilization of sorghum restorer in China, Jinliang No.5 and its derivative lines account for 20% and Jinfu No.1 and its derivative lines account for 25%, which have become the two main systems of sorghum restorers in China." Sorghum restorer Jinliang 5 and Jinfu 1" won the third prize of National Invention Award; The second stage was in the 1980s and 1990s. The new A2 cytoplasmic male sterile line V4A was bred and combined with A2 hybrid Jinza 12, which was popularized in a large area, creating the commercial utilization of A2 cytoplasmic sorghum hybrid in the world and having a significant impact at home and abroad. The "Creation and utilization of new cytoplasmic sorghum male sterile line A2V4A" won the third prize of national scientific and technological invention
The third stage is the important period of sorghum industrialization development at the beginning of this century. A number of varieties with strong competitiveness have been bred by market demand. Sorghum varieties including Jinza brewing sorghum, Jincao forage sorghum, Jintian sweet sorghum and Jinza sorghum suitable for mechanized cultivation have been widely used in production, causing great attention of seed enterprises and brewing enterprises. 21 varieties such as Jinza 101, Jinza 22 and Jinnuo 3 were transferred. Jinza 22 and Jinza 23 have become brewing special species of fenjiu. Jinza 22 is named "Fenjiu 1" by Fenjiu Group, and it is also the special variety of Xifeng and Jiangxiaobai. The special sorghum varieties jinza 33 and Jinza 34 which are suitable for mechanized cultivation, are equipped with the mechanized cultivation techniques of "large ridge and high density, single grain spot sowing without thinning, chemical weeding without middle tillage", realizing the large area mechanized production and rapidly promoting the transformation from traditional production to modern production of sorghum.
Since its establishment, the Sorghum Institute has undertaken a total of 216 projects above the provincial and ministerial levels, bred 78 new sorghum varieties, won 47 awards at the provincial and ministerial levels, won 22 national invention patents, published 14 monographs, and published academic papers at home and abroad more than 770 papers. 40 achievements have been transformed, and the transformation amount has reached more than 6 million yuan. Accumulated radiation of sorghum, corn, buckwheat, millet and other new varieties of more than 1.8 million ha.
In recent years, relying on the project of “Dry Sorghum Industry Cluster”, combined with H agricultural production depositing mode, Institute of Sorghum has strengthened cooperation between government schools and enterprises, improved the level of science and technology services, organically integrated upstream and downstream enterprises of sorghum and agricultural materials, banking, insurance, big data companies and other service institutions, formed the closed loop of sorghum industry chain production closed loop. To make technical breakthroughs for the scale, normalized and standardized production of sorghum industry, Institute of Sorghum has built many public brands including "Shanxi Sorghum", "Shanxi fragrant daqu liquor" and "Shanxi aged vinegar", and enhanced the commercial value of these sorghum brewing products.
At present, Institute of Sorghum is taking the lead in the selection and breeding of new sorghum varieties and the combination of sorghum industry, university and research, playing an important role in supporting the development of China's sorghum industry.