本所概况
本所简介

山西农业大学高粱研究所,创建于1971年8月,前身为晋中地区农业科学研究所,1979年更名为山西省农业科学院高粱研究所。2019年10月更名为山西农业大学高粱研究所(以下简称高粱所),位于山西省晋中市榆次区蕴华西街238号。

Shanxi Agricultural university, sorghum research institute which was after institute of Agricultural Sciences in Jinzhong, Shanxi Province (established in August 1971). It was renamed to Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Science, Sorghum Research Institute1979 and Shanxi Agricultural university, sorghum research institute in October 2019. It was located at 238 Yunhua West Street, Yuci District, Jinzhong city, Shanxi Province.

高粱所现有职工129人,其中研究员7人,副研究员49人,博士6人,在读博士4人。其中,国家谷子高粱产业技术体系岗位专家2人、山西省学术技术带头人4人、“三晋”英才4人、新兴产业领军人才1人。下设6个行政科室、13个研究室。拥有实验设备仪器232套,总价值443.28万元。现有张村、修文、东白以及海南省三亚市总占地1243.28亩的四个试验基地。拥有“国家高粱产业技术创新战略联盟”、“高粱遗传与种质创新山西省重点实验室”、“酿造专用高粱育种及利用山西省科技创新重点团队”、“汾酒集团中国白酒酿酒高粱研究中心”、“一带一路”国际高粱产业科技创新院、“山西省科普基地”等10余个科研平台。

By the end of 2021, the institute of sorghum research has a total of 129 staff members, including 7 professors, 49 associate professors,6 doctors, 4 ph.D.Among the researchers, 2 post expert of national millet sorghum industrial technology system, 4 academic and technical leader of Shanxi Province, 4 “Sanjin” talents, 1 leading talent in emerging industries. At present, 6 administrative departments and 13 research departments have been established in the institute of sorghum research. It has 232 sets of experimental equipment and instruments with a total value of ¥4,432,800. There are four test bases which was covered a total area of 82.89 ha in Zhangcun, Xiuwen, Dongbai of Shanxi Province and Sanya city of Hainan province. It has more than ten scientific research platforms including National Sorghum Industry Technology Innovation Strategic alliance, Key Laboratory of Sorghum Genetics and Germplasm Innovation of Shanxi Province, Brewing Special Sorghum Breeding and Utilization Key Scientific and Technological Innovation Team of Shanxi Province, Chinese Liquor Brewing sorghum research Center of Fen Chiew Group, “Belt and Road” International Institute of Scientific and Technological Innovation of Sorghum industry, Science Popularization Base in Shanxi Province.

高粱所是我国成立较早、学科齐全的高粱专业研究机构。自高粱杂种优势利用以来,高粱所在新品种研发、技术攻关等方面引领了我国高粱产业发展的三个历史阶段:第一阶段为上世纪六七十年代,育成“晋杂号”矮秆抗倒伏杂交种在全国大面积推广,基本上覆盖全国高粱种植区域。“高粱杂交种晋杂5号、4号、1号”获全国科学大会奖;创制了“二矮”型杂交高粱育种模式,育成晋粱五号、晋辐一号两个中晚熟区恢复系材料,组配出大量优良杂交种。在我国高粱恢复系利用研究中,晋粱5号及其衍生系占20%,晋辐1号及其衍生系占25%,成为我国高粱恢复系的两大主干体系。“高粱恢复系晋粱5号和晋辐1号”获国家发明三等奖;第二阶段为上世纪八九十年代,育成新型A2细胞质不育系V4A并组配A2杂交种晋杂12号大面积推广,在国际上开创了A2细胞质高粱杂交种商品化利用,在国际、国内产生重大影响,“新型细胞质高粱雄性不育系A2V4A创制与利用”获国家科技发明三等奖。

The institute is a professional sorghum research institution with early establishment and complete disciplines in China. Since the utilization of sorghum heterosis, sorghum has led the development of Sorghum Industry in three historical stages in terms of new variety R & D and technical research. Since the utilization of sorghum heterosis. The first stage was in the 1960s and 1970s. The dwarf lodging resistant hybrid "Jinza" was bred and popularized in a large area throughout the country, basically covering the sorghum planting area throughout the whole country. "Sorghum hybrid Jinza No.5, No.4 and No.1" won the award of the National Science Conference; The "two dwarf" hybrid sorghum breeding model was created, and the restorer of JinliangNo.5 and Jinfu No. 1 were bred, and a large number of excellent hybrids were produced. In the research on the utilization of sorghum restorer in China, Jinliang No.5 and its derivative lines account for 20% and Jinfu No.1 and its derivative lines account for 25%, which have become the two main systems of sorghum restorers in China." Sorghum restorer Jinliang 5 and Jinfu 1" won the third prize of National Invention Award; The second stage was in the 1980s and 1990s. The new A2 cytoplasmic male sterile line V4A was bred and combined with A2 hybrid Jinza 12, which was popularized in a large area, creating the commercial utilization of A2 cytoplasmic sorghum hybrid in the world and having a significant impact at home and abroad. The "Creation and utilization of new cytoplasmic sorghum male sterile line A2V4A" won the third prize of national scientific and technological invention

第三阶段为本世纪初,是高粱产业化开发的重要时期,高粱所以市场需求为导向育成一批市场竞争力较强的品种,晋杂号酿造高粱品种、晋草系列饲草高粱品种、晋甜系列甜高粱以及晋杂系列适宜机械化栽培的高粱品种在生产上得到广泛应用,引起了种子企业及酿造企业的极大关注,晋杂101、晋杂22号、晋糯3号等21个品种进行了成果转让。其中,晋杂22号、晋杂23号成为汾酒酿造专用种,晋杂22号被汾酒集团定名为“汾酒1号”,同时也是西凤酒、江小白等的专用品种;适于机械化栽培的高粱专用品种—晋杂33号、晋杂34号,配套“大垄高密、单粒点播免间苗、化学除草免中耕”机械化栽培技术,实现了高粱的大面积机械化生产,快速推进高粱传统生产方式向现代化生产方式的转变。

The third stage is the important period of sorghum industrialization development at the beginning of this century. A number of varieties with strong competitiveness have been bred by market demand. Sorghum varieties including Jinza brewing sorghum, Jincao forage sorghum, Jintian sweet sorghum and Jinza sorghum suitable for mechanized cultivation have been widely used in production, causing great attention of seed enterprises and brewing enterprises. 21 varieties such as Jinza 101, Jinza 22 and Jinnuo 3 were transferred. Jinza 22 and Jinza 23 have become brewing special species of fenjiu. Jinza 22 is named "Fenjiu 1" by Fenjiu Group, and it is also the special variety of Xifeng and Jiangxiaobai. The special sorghum varieties jinza 33 and Jinza 34 which are suitable for mechanized cultivation, are equipped with the mechanized cultivation techniques of "large ridge and high density, single grain spot sowing without thinning, chemical weeding without middle tillage", realizing the large area mechanized production and rapidly promoting the transformation from traditional production to modern production of sorghum.

建所以来,高粱所共承担省部级以上项目216项,育成高粱新品种78个,获省部级以上奖励47项,获国家发明专利22项,出版专著14部,累计在国内外发表学术论文770余篇。完成成果转化40项,转化金额达600多万元。累计辐射高粱、玉米、荞麦、谷子等新品种2700余万亩。

Since its establishment, the Sorghum Institute has undertaken a total of 216 projects above the provincial and ministerial levels, bred 78 new sorghum varieties, won 47 awards at the provincial and ministerial levels, won 22 national invention patents, published 14 monographs, and published academic papers at home and abroad more than 770 papers. 40 achievements have been transformed, and the transformation amount has reached more than 6 million yuan. Accumulated radiation of sorghum, corn, buckwheat, millet and other new varieties of more than 1.8 million ha.

近年来,高粱所依托山西省旱作高粱产业集群项目,结合H型农业生产托管模式,加大政校企合作力度,提升科技服务水平,对高粱的上、下游企业及农资、银行、保险、大数据公司等服务机构进行有机整合,形成了高粱全产业链生产的闭环。为高粱产业的规模化、规范化、标准化生产进行技术攻关,打造“山西高粱”、“山西清香型大曲白酒”、“山西老陈醋”公用品牌,提升高粱酿品的商业价值。

In recent years, relying on the project of “Dry Sorghum Industry Cluster”, combined with H agricultural production depositing mode, Institute of Sorghum has strengthened cooperation between government schools and enterprises, improved the level of science and technology services, organically integrated upstream and downstream enterprises of sorghum and agricultural materials, banking, insurance, big data companies and other service institutions, formed the closed loop of sorghum industry chain production closed loop. To make technical breakthroughs for the scale, normalized and standardized production of sorghum industry, Institute of Sorghum has built many public brands including "Shanxi Sorghum", "Shanxi fragrant daqu liquor" and "Shanxi aged vinegar", and enhanced the commercial value of these sorghum brewing products.

目前,高粱所在新品种选育、高粱产学研结合方面走在全国前列,为我国的高粱产业发展发挥着重要支撑作用。

At present, Institute of Sorghum is taking the lead in the selection and breeding of new sorghum varieties and the combination of sorghum industry, university and research, playing an important role in supporting the development of China's sorghum industry.



山西农业大学(山西省农业科学院)高粱研究所  地址:山西省晋中市榆次区蕴华西街238号
电话:0354-8593500  邮编:030600